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Taste of Iceland: 7 Traditional Icelandic Dishes

Taste of Iceland: 7 Traditional Icelandic Dishes

Icelandic cuisine may not be as well-known as that of other European countries, but its unique and hearty dishes are deeply rooted in the nation's history and natural resources. From seafood to lamb and dairy, Icelandic ingredients are often locally sourced and of high quality. Here are seven traditional Icelandic dishes that showcase the flavors and traditions of this fascinating island nation.

1. Plokkfiskur (Fish Stew)

Plokkfiskur is a comforting fish stew made from boiled fish, usually cod or haddock, mixed with potatoes, onions, and a creamy béchamel sauce. It is a classic Icelandic dish that has been enjoyed by locals for centuries. Often served with rye bread and butter, Plokkfiskur is a delicious and satisfying meal that showcases Iceland's abundant seafood resources.

2. Hangikjöt (Smoked Lamb)

Hangikjöt, or smoked lamb, is a traditional Icelandic dish that is often served during the Christmas season. The lamb is hung to dry and smoked using birchwood or dried sheep dung, giving it a distinct flavor. It can be served hot or cold, thinly sliced, and often accompanied by potatoes, peas, and a creamy white sauce. Hangikjöt is a testament to Iceland's resourcefulness and its strong connection to the sheep farming tradition.

3. Harðfiskur (Dried Fish)

Harðfiskur is a popular Icelandic snack made from dried fish, usually cod, haddock, or catfish. The fish is cleaned, filleted, and air-dried outdoors, resulting in a hard, chewy texture. Rich in protein and Omega-3 fatty acids, Harðfiskur is typically enjoyed with a spread of butter or eaten plain. It is a staple in Icelandic households and a symbol of the nation's fishing heritage.

4. Skyr

Skyr is a traditional Icelandic dairy product that is similar to yogurt but thicker and creamier. Made from skim milk, Skyr is high in protein and low in fat, making it a popular and healthy snack or dessert. It can be enjoyed plain or sweetened with sugar or honey and is often served with fruit or used as a topping for pancakes and waffles. Skyr has been a part of Icelandic cuisine for over a thousand years and remains a beloved favorite today.

5. Rúgbrauð (Icelandic Rye Bread)

Rúgbrauð, or Icelandic rye bread, is a dense and dark bread made from rye flour, sugar, and water. It is traditionally baked in a pot or steamed in wooden casks buried near geothermal springs, resulting in a moist and slightly sweet loaf. Rúgbrauð is often served with butter, smoked fish, or cheese and is a staple of the Icelandic diet.

6. Kjötsúpa (Icelandic Meat Soup)

Kjötsúpa is a hearty and warming Icelandic meat soup made with lamb, potatoes, carrots, onions, and various herbs. It is a simple yet flavorful dish that showcases the high-quality lamb that Iceland is known for. Kjötsúpa is often enjoyed during the colder months and is a staple in Icelandic households.

7. Hákarl (Fermented Shark)

Hákarl is a traditional Icelandic delicacy made from Greenland shark that has been fermented and hung to dry for several months. The shark meat is initially poisonous due to high levels of urea and trimethylamine oxide, but the fermentation process breaks down these harmful substances, making it safe to eat. With a strong ammonia smell and a unique taste, Háákarl is an acquired taste and often considered a challenge for visitors to try. It is typically served in small cubes and accompanied by a shot of Brennivín, an Icelandic schnapps.


Iceland's traditional cuisine is deeply influenced by its unique geography, climate, and history. From hearty stews to nutrient-rich dairy products, these dishes showcase the best of Iceland's natural resources and culinary traditions. Whether you're an adventurous foodie or simply curious about Icelandic culture, sampling these dishes is a must when visiting the Land of Fire and Ice.


1. Are there vegetarian options in traditional Icelandic cuisine?

While traditional Icelandic cuisine is heavily based on meat and seafood, there are vegetarian options available, such as rye bread, Skyr, and various vegetable-based dishes. In recent years, vegetarian and vegan options have become more prevalent in Icelandic restaurants and grocery stores.

2. What types of fish are commonly used in Icelandic dishes?

Cod, haddock, and catfish are commonly used in Icelandic dishes, but other types of fish, such as halibut, salmon, and Arctic char, are also popular in Icelandic cuisine.

3. What is the traditional Icelandic drink to pair with food?

Brennivín, an Icelandic schnapps made from fermented potatoes or grains and flavored with caraway seeds, is a traditional alcoholic beverage often enjoyed alongside Icelandic dishes, particularly with Hákarl.

4. Are there any traditional Icelandic desserts?

One popular Icelandic dessert is a type of pancake called "pönnukaka," made from a thin batter and served with whipped cream, fruit, or Skyr. Another favorite is "kleina," a fried doughnut-like pastry flavored with cardamom and often enjoyed with coffee.

5. How do Icelanders typically cook their food?

Traditional Icelandic cooking methods include boiling, smoking, and drying, as well as burying food near geothermal springs for slow cooking. In modern times, standard cooking methods like baking, frying, and grilling are also common.

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